Goods that are transported from one place to another, or from one country to another, are referred to as cargo. Cargo forms the basis of international trade as their classification is what differentiates one from another. Cargo is transported across the world via 3 major mediums: land, water and air. Further, while shipping cargo from one country to another, one must be aware of the type that each good falls under as improper classification often leads to unexpected delays and penalties.
Thus, we shall take a look at the different types of cargo that are usually transported.
1. Container Cargo
Container cargo are goods that are transported in huge containers with massive capacity. It includes goods like electronics, toys and clothes as per their sizes which are already fixed. Further, containers are loaded and unloaded on ships using machinery as these are extremely huge and heavy. Container cargo is, therefore, the most widely known and used type of cargo.
2. Dry Bulk
Another popular type of cargo is dry bulk. As the name suggests, dry bulk comprises materials that are necessary for construction. So, one can find materials such as cement, sand, bricks, grains, ores and coal or even edibles like oils, salt and sugar in wagons carrying dry bulk. Further, dry bulk cargo is not usually packed, and is transported in large quantities. So, as one can assume, the food and infrastructure industries, both, depend on dry bulk cargo.
3. Liquid Bulk
As the name suggests, liquid bulk comprises goods that are liquid in nature and are also shipped in bulk. Liquid bulk is usually transported using ships and contains goods like oils, crude oil, petrol, alcoholic beverages and drinks or vegetable oil as well. Given their nature, liquid bulk is extremely important for the functioning of the economy.
Livestock is another major type of cargo. Livestock and animals are quite commonly transported between countries. One important aspect about transportation of livestock is that it requires high maintenance as alive animals are being transported. Therefore, issues such as nutrition, ventilation and health become important, when it comes to the transportation of livestock.
So, knowing what type of cargo you are dealing with is an essential aspect of shipment. While doing your own research will help you in the long run, you must also consider hiring a skilled customs broker who can guide you throughout the clearance process. In this regard, you can take help of Clearit USA customs brokerage solutions that offer quick solutions with easy compliance.